Initiatives, activities and experience of Bulgarian MoD related to estimation and reduction of energetic materials impact on Army test range

Iliyan Hutov1

1 Defense Institute "Professor Tsvetan Lazarov", Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract. The pollution of environmental components on onsite training and test ranges became a growing problem nowadays, that focus the attention of governments and defence ministries worldwide. Within the majority of NATO and EU countries, a lot of different measures have been taken involving a vast number of an assessment of test ranges status and their current pollution content. A large number of recearches have been conducted in order to comprise distributing data on the measuted contamination levels of energetic materials and heavy metals in soil and grounwater. The constant use of munitions in those areas and the pollution, made by their constituents, put the problem of management of site contamination as an important one with the increasing international concern. The research has been executed at the Bulgarian test range Zmeyovo. From previous research project a method for extraction and quantitative identification of HMX, RDX, Tetryl, TNT, 2,4-DNT, 2,6-DNT, PETN and NG in soil, water and plants by HPLC with photo diode detection has been developed in accordance with EPA Method 8330B, EPA Method 8000 and EPA Method 3500. The developed method has been calibrated and validated. During the research different techniques have being developed to define the influence of physical and chemical properties, concentration, and distribution and residues of energetic materials in the soils to the current environmental status. Sample Analysis for energetic materials from soil, water and plants were made. The extracted samples were analyzed with HPLC for HMX, RDX, Tetryl, TNT, 2,4-DNT, 2,6-DNT, PETN and NG.

Keywords: energetic materials; contamination; environment; test range

ID: 133, Contact: Iliyan Hutov, NTREM 2020